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About Paul Barter

I am a transport-policy researcher, adviser, writer and trainer with a background in academia and in non-profits. My focus since about 1994 has been urban transport policy. Topics have included international comparisons, public transport regulation, TDM, how to ease car-dependence, Singapore's urban transport history and parking policy. I am Australian but have lived in Singapore since December 2000.

Find out more: 


Engage my services

I am open to requests to provide training, research or policy analysis within my main areas of expertise. 

I am especially strong on parking policy.

If you have heard my name before, it might be for my work on urban parking. This accelerated in 2009 when I worked on a regional overview of parking policy in Asian cities, commissioned by the Asian Development Bank. Since then I have worked on parking issues in many cities (including in Australia, China, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand) for clients such as the World Bank and Germany's GIZ. I also write about parking at Reinventing Parking.

I do not offer full-service parking studies. I am a solo freelancer after all.

But I do offer 'parking policy rapid evaluation' services as well as writing, research or training on urban parking policy.  These services are mostly aimed at local governments as well as other actors (such as non-profits) with a strong interest in parking policy.

The rapid evaluation services involve an assessment of the parking-policy status quo and of key opportunities to do better. Depending on the scope of the project, they often also include training sessions. Both the evaluation and the training aim to better inform the local debate over parking. These rapid evaluations are about strategic directions in parking policy not the final details. They are especially helpful at the very early stages of a parking policy rethink and can help set the scene for a more substantial policy review. So far, I have delivered such rapid evaluations of parking in Pune in India, Tianjin and Qingdao in China, Ibagué and Pereira in Colombia and in one neighborhood in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Email me at paulbarter at reinventingtransport dot org if you want to discuss how I might be able to help you or your city.

Popular posts from this blog

Podcasts on urban mobility and urban issues: a LONG list

Below is my increasingly long list of podcasts on urban mobility and/or urban issues. 

If you are not yet a regular podcast listener, you need to download a podcast-listening app to your phone, tablet or desktop and subscribe (it's free) to the podcasts that interest you.

UPDATE 1: This list has many podcasts but obviously I hope you will try mine! They are Reinventing Transport and Reinventing Parking.

UPDATE 2: I have added FOURTY TWO more since this was first published. Thanks to everyone who has sent tips.

Transport-based City Types and their Trajectories

I want to help you get perspective on your city and its transport system with the help of simple city types based on their dominant transport modes, such as Walking Cities, Transit Cities, Bus Cities, Motorcycle Cities and Car Cities.

This way of thinking about cities is a heuristic (an imperfect mental model or technique that is nevertheless good enough to be helpful). And it obviously is imperfect. For example, real cities often have various modes of transport, and modern cities are really all some kind of hybrid city type.

But it is still useful, especially if we add the idea of a Traffic Saturated City, which is a very different beast from a Car City. It is important for change-makers in Traffic Saturated Cities to be aware they are not in automobile dependent cities yet.

Options for digesting this: 
Read the brief article below and study the diagrams. They complement the podcast. For more depth, LISTEN to the 37 minute audio with the player above. A full transcript of the podcast is…

Simplify and Connect: a key to better bus networks

What if I said your city could have better public transport without more funding or higher fares? Does that sound too good to be true?

Reinventing Transport this time is a basic explainer for the idea that public transport networks are often improved by being simplified. It can be a low-cost step to a better system.  



If people in your city face long waiting times for buses, there might be too many bus lines. A simplified network may offer better service.

Does that sound intriguing? Or maybe this issue is old hat for you. Either way, I hope you will get something from listening to the episode or reading the article below.
The basic idea Imagine a town with 100 buses. And suppose the town has 25 bus lines. There would be four buses for each line. But suppose the town simplifies its bus network down to just five lines. Now there are 20 buses per bus line.